Felonies vs. Misdemeanors
Jeffery K. Rubenstein has successfully defended clients against alleged criminal charges. Crimes are divided into two general categories, felonies and misdemeanors. A felony is considered a crime of high seriousness, whereas a misdemeanor is less so. Felonies are crimes punishable by imprisonment in excess of one year or, in some cases, death. Both felonies and misdemeanors can involve fines and possibly confiscation of assets. Jeffery K. Rubenstein is well known and respected by judges and prosecutors for his creative approaches to non-custodial alternative sentencing, as opposed to jail or prison time.
Felony Jurisdiction and Venues
Felonies come under the jurisdiction and venue of either federal or California state trial courts.A federal crime (or federal offense) is an act made illegal by U.S. federal legislation.
Federal felonies are prosecuted in federal trial courts. Here are some federal crimes:
California State Felonies
State felonies are prosecuted in California state trial courts. They include but are not limited to the following:
White Collar Crimes
Technically known as corporate crimes, white collar crimes are financially motivated, nonviolent crimes committed by businesses and government professionals. Typical white collar crimes include:
Capital crimes are punishable the death penalty called the "Death Sentence." That is a government sanctioned practice whereby the state executes a convicted felon. Crimes punishable by death are known as capital crimes, capital offenses or capital felonies. They commonly include serious crimes such as:
The Death Penalty has been controversial in California for decades.
Jeffery K. Rubenstein also defends people for misdemeanors, crimes punishable by exactly one year or less. The actual jail or prison sentence is based on the maximum sentence possible under law. Examples of misdemeanors are:
Federal misdemeanors are crimes in violations of parks, wildlife, fish and game regulations. Additionally some misdemeanors are considered "wobblers," prosecuted as either a felony or a misdemeanor. Jeffery K. Rubenstein specializes in alternative sentencing for these crimes.